The Uganda National Police is the national police force of Uganda. The head of the Force is called the Inspector General of Police. The current IGP is Martin Okoth Ochoa. Ochoa replaced former IGP, General Edward Kale Kayihura in March 2018.

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Despite its weaknesses, most studies say that at the time of independence, Uganda had a small, effective and well motivated police force. Operational standards were high, police officers were also proud of serving in and being identified with the force, and the public appreciated their services.

In the early 1980s, there was recruitment of university graduates into the force. Most of these were trained in Munduli, Tanzania. There was also a “screening of dead wood”, dictated by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

President Milton Obote’s second administration also started the National Security Agency (NASA), which took on the role of criminal investigation and in the process, sidelined the regular police.

During President Yoweri Museveni’s NRA bush war, many police stations were attacked and many officers killed.  In 1986 when NRM took power, there was another screening that reduced the number of police officers from about 10,000 to 3,000.

The Special Forces, which had been loyal to Obote’s UPC government, was disbanded and replaced by the Mobile Police Patrol Unit. There was also more recruitment of university graduates as constables, which saw about 300 graduates join the force, reducing the number of semi-illiterate officers.

Thus, the mode of recruitment ceased to be about just physical fitness, but included consideration of intellectual abilities.

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